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彩云兜兰 Paphiopedilum wardii Summerhayes

目前为止,中国西南野生生物种质资源库共保藏该物种: 种子1份; 离体材料14份;

  • 科:兰科    Orchidaceae
  • 属:兜兰属    Paphiopedilum
  • 种:彩云兜兰   Paphiopedilum wardii

1志书描述

26. Paphiopedilum wardii Summerhayes, Gard. Chron., ser. 3,. 92: 446. 1932. 彩云兜兰 cai yun dou lan Cypripedium wardii (Summerhayes) C. Curtis (1933), not Rolfe (1913); Paphiopedilum brevilabium Z. J. Liu & J. Yong Zhang; P. microchilum Z. J. Liu & S. C. Chen; P. multifolium Z. J. Liu & J. Yong Zhang.Plants terrestrial. Leaves 2-5, distichous; blade abaxially rather densely mottled with purple, adaxially tessellated with light or bluish and dark green, oblong or elliptic, 8-23 × 2.5-4.1 cm, sparsely ciliate toward basal margin, slightly bilobulate or tridenticulate at acute apex. Scape erect, terminating in a solitary flower; peduncle purple-red, 15-40 cm, pubescent; floral bract ovate-lanceolate, conduplicate, 1.8-2.3 cm, abaxially pubescent, ciliate; pedicel and ovary 4-5.5 cm, pubescent. Flower 7-10 cm in diam.; dorsal sepal and synsepal white or whitish green, veined with deep green; petals greenish white, flushed with purplish brown and spotted throughout with blackish brown; lip greenish to pale yellow-brown, veined and finely spotted with brown; staminode greenish marbled, deep green centrally. Dorsal sepal ovate, 3-4.5 × 2-3.5 cm, both surfaces puberulent particularly on veins, ciliate, acuminate at apex; synsepal ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 × 1.4-2.5 cm, both surfaces puberulent, ciliate, acute or acuminate at apex. Petals usually spreading horizontally, suboblong or oblong-lanceolate, 4.5-6 × 1.5-2 cm, adaxially minutely puberulent particularly in basal half, long ciliate, shortly acuminate at apex; lip helmet-shaped, 3.4-4.6 cm, warty on incurved lateral lobes; pouch 2.2-2.5 × 2-2.4 cm, outside slightly puberulent. Staminode obcordate-lunate, 9-10 × 13-15 mm, puberulent adaxially, apical sinus with a small central tooth and 2 incurved lateral teeth. Fl. Dec-Mar. 2n = 41, 44.Shaded and steep rocks or near roots of large trees at forest margins or in forests along streams (1-3 m from water); ca. 2000 m. SW Yunnan (Lushui) [Myanmar].Paphiopedilum ×yingjiangense Z. J. Liu & S. C. Chen (Acta Bot. Yunnan. 29: 289. 2007) was recently described as a natural hybrid from W Yunnan (Yingjiang). In the protologue, P. villosum and P. wardii were suggested as the putative parents. However, a more likely parentage is P. spicerianum and P. wardii.【引自:Flora of China】

地生植物。叶基生,二列,3-5枚;叶片狭长圆形,长10-17厘米,宽4-5.5厘米,先端钝的3浅裂,上面有深浅蓝绿色相间的网格斑,背面有较密集的紫色斑点,基部收狭成叶柄状并对折而互相套叠。花葶直立,长12-25厘米,紫红色,密生短柔毛,顶端生1花;花苞片披针形,长2-3厘米,多少围抱子房,先端急尖并略有3浅裂,背面有龙骨状突起,沿龙骨状突起被毛,边缘有缘毛;花梗和子房长4-6厘米,被毛;花较大;中萼片与合萼片白色而有绿色粗脉纹,花瓣绿白色或淡黄绿色而有密集的暗栗色斑点或有时有紫褐色晕,唇瓣绿黄色而具暗色脉和淡褐色晕以及栗色小斑点,退化雄蕊淡黄绿色而有深绿色和紫褐色脉纹;中萼片卵形,长4-5厘米,宽2.5-3厘米,先端渐尖,背面常略被毛,边缘具缘毛;合萼片卵状披针形,长3.5-4.5厘米,宽2-2.5厘米,亦略被毛;花瓣近长圆形,长5-6.5厘米,宽约1.5厘米,先端急尖,边缘有长缘毛;唇瓣倒盔状,基部有宽阔的、长1.5-2厘米的柄;囊近长圆状卵形,向末端略变狭,长2.5-3厘米,宽约2厘米,囊口极宽阔,两侧各有1个直立的耳,两耳前方的边缘不内折,囊底有毛,囊外表面被小乳突状毛,内弯侧裂片上常有小疣状突起;退化雄蕊倒心状半月形,长约1厘米,宽1.2-1.5厘米,先端有宽阔的湾缺,湾缺中央具短尖。花期12月至次年3月。 【引自:中国植物志】

2分布信息

采集编号 国家 区县 详情
BC211206 中国 云南 昆明 盘龙 详细

3种子保藏信息

采集编号 采集单位 项目 采集年份 重量(g) 详情
BC211206 中国科学院昆明植物研究所 保藏中心 2021 详细

4离体材料信息

编号 保藏类型 保护级别 份数 数据来源
IVB0260 离体培养物 国家保护植物 4 离体材料库
IVB0284 离体培养物 0 离体材料库
IVB1072 离体培养物 国家保护植物 10 离体材料库
  • 数据统计

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  • 最近更新:2024年4月13日